Episode 114 -- Speaking, Training, and ROI with John Rohe

2-Minute Tip — Remove Filler Words


Filler or crutch words are the bane of many a speaker’s existence. The ums, ahs, likes, verys, you knows, and more clutter up our talks and conversation so much we don’t even notice them. They waste time, annoy the audience and distract from your message. So get rid of them.


Easier said than done.


One technique is to have a friend or colleague listen to you practice your talk and ring a bell every time they hear a filler word. Once you actually know you are using them in real time, it becomes easier to eliminate them and relish the power of silence


Post Tip Discussion — Meet John Rohe


One of the terms you hear in the training field (and likely other education related fields as well) is the “sage on the stage.”


In describes the lecture format in many education contexts. The wise experts stands on the stage at the front of the room and imparts knowledge on to the lucky audience members. It’s one way communication, and it has its place, but can have a certain amount of arrogance associated with it.




John Rohe in a V-neck sweater looks off to his right in an office.

John Rohe is a speaker who eschews the lectern and the stage. He a speaker and trainer in both the commercial and ecclesiastical fields, and one of themes that comes through in the episode is the importance of humility with your audience.


John’s experience ranges from start-ups to established multi-billion dollar enterprises. John launched the cardiac marker proBNP for Roche Diagnostics and the first personalized health (test and drug) for osteoarthritis for Roche Pharma, Roche Diagnostics and GSK.


He also internationalized sales for RPS, revived sales of Procalcitonin for Thermo Fisher, grew Alere’s PT/INR home testing from $9 million to $25 million in 1 year and boosted equipment service contracts for BD.


John has taken products from R&D through FDA clearance and achieved CMS and other third-party reimbursement. He has implemented user friendly CRMs and automated quoting systems, and he integrated marketing collateral with sales force access. He has also been responsible for developing and implementing automated quoting and contracting systems.  


John’ Speaker Evaluation Checklist


  • Are they using filler words?
  • Do they appear to be knowledgeable about the material?
  • Are they speaking to the audience?
  • Are they looking down at their notes?
  • Are they reading slides to me?
  • Are they moving around?
  • Are they actively engaged with the audience?


Kirkpatrick Levels of Training Evaluation


  • How do the learners feel about their training experience?
  • How effectively did the learners acquire new skills or knowledge?
  • How effectively did the learners apply what they learned in training?
  • How effectively did the training ultimately meet its goals for the organization?


You can read more about the Kirkpatrick framework here. It’s a fascinating mental exercise.




Hycap Consulting


John’s Email


John on LinkedIn


John on Twitter


Kirkpatrick Model


Servant  Leadership with Lyle Tard


Caring and Connection with Richard Kauffman



Call To Action


2-Minute Talk Tips is the public speaking podcast that help you become a more effective speaker in as little as 2 minutes a week.

Check out this episode!


Episode 067 -- Post Stroke Emotional Health with Peter and Ria Evans

Peter and Ria Evans are back this week for a conversation about emotions, mood, reactions, depression, and more.

[caption id="attachment_632" align="alignleft" width="150"]Peter Evans Headshot Peter Evans[/caption]

You can hear more about their origin story (No, I'm not watching too many super hero movies. Why do you ask?) in episode 60.

We recently published Peter's article called Don’t Underestimate the Impact of Emotions on Stroke Recovery, which what kicked off this episode. You can read it here.

This time, we have less of an interview and more of a conversation. We dive deeper into the emotional challenges of life after stroke as we explore goal setting, depression, meditation and the importance of breaking out of negative patterns. We talk about some of the techniques we use to manage our moods and take control of our mindset.

[caption id="attachment_645" align="alignright" width="150"]Ria Evans Headshot Ria Evans[/caption]

There are a lot of things out of our control after a stroke; our emotional state doesn't have to be one of them. There are techniques we can use to manage our emotions. If our mood keeps getting away from us, professionals can help us learn appropriate tools or prescribe medication to help with the worst of it. The point is we have options, and we have choices. Our doctors can help.

Book Recommendations

Here are the books we referenced in this episode:

Hardwiring Happiness: The New Brain Science of Contentment, Calm, and Confidence, By Richard Hanson


Why is it easier to ruminate over hurt feelings than it is to bask in the warmth of being appreciated? Because your brain evolved to learn quickly from bad experiences and slowly from good ones, but you can change this.

Life isn’t easy, and having a brain wired to take in the bad and ignore the good makes us worried, irritated, and stressed, instead of confident, secure, and happy. But each day is filled with opportunities to build inner strengths and Dr. Rick Hanson, an acclaimed clinical psychologist, shows what you can do to override the brain’s default pessimism.

Hardwiring Happiness lays out a simple method that uses the hidden power of everyday experiences to build new neural structures full of happiness, love, confidence, and peace. You’ll learn to see through the lies your brain tells you. Dr. Hanson’s four steps build strengths into your brain to make contentment and a powerful sense of resilience the new normal. In just minutes a day, you can transform your brain into a refuge and power center of calm and happiness.

My Stroke of Insight: A Brain Scientist's Personal Journey, By, Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor


The astonishing New York Times bestseller that chronicles how a brain scientist's own stroke led to enlightenment

On December 10, 1996, Jill Bolte Taylor, a thirty-seven- year-old Harvard-trained brain scientist experienced a massive stroke in the left hemisphere of her brain. As she observed her mind deteriorate to the point that she could not walk, talk, read, write, or recall any of her life-all within four hours-Taylor alternated between the euphoria of the intuitive and kinesthetic right brain, in which she felt a sense of complete well-being and peace, and the logical, sequential left brain, which recognized she was having a stroke and enabled her to seek help before she was completely lost. It would take her eight years to fully recover.

For Taylor, her stroke was a blessing and a revelation. It taught her that by "stepping to the right" of our left brains, we can uncover feelings of well-being that are often sidelined by "brain chatter." Reaching wide audiences through her talk at the Technology, Entertainment, Design (TED) conference and her appearance on Oprah's online Soul Series, Taylor provides a valuable recovery guide for those touched by brain injury and an inspiring testimony that inner peace is accessible to anyone.

My Stroke of Insight TED Talk



Advice from Ria

Ria mention 2 simple ways to break a negative thought patterns.

  1. Talk to yourself
  2. Hug your pillow

Sometimes the simplest ideas can have the most impact.

Hack of the Week

I type 30 wpm with one hand these days. One reason I can do it is because I have sticky keys enabled on my Windows computer. With Sticky Key, I don't have to hold shift or control while I press another key. I can just tap them. This is a great Windows Accessibility feature.

To learn more about Sticky Keys and see how to enable it, play this video:


Where do we go from here?

  • So what are your strategies for dealing with emotions? Let us know in the comments below.
  • Visit Strokecast.com/Peter to read Peter's latest article about post-stroke emotion or listen to my previous conversation with Peter and Ria.
  • Subscribe to Strokecast for free in your favorite podcast app so you never miss an episode.
  • Don't get best…Get better


Strokecast is the stroke podcast where a Gen X stroke survivor explores rehab, recovery, the frontiers of neuroscience and one-handed banana peeling by helping stroke survivors, caregivers, medical providers and stroke industry affiliates connect and share their stories.

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 068 -- Remembering Mark French

Last July, Mark French joined me on Strokecast to share his stroke story and talk about his new film, A Teachable Moment. It tells the stories of four Washington, DC, area stroke survivors as they navigate the new world of stroke recovery. Mark was one of the featured survivors, as was Anne Daily who I spoke with in Episode 14 about making the shift key her bitch.

Mark French With the text, " I should have stopped and walked right into that hospital but I did not recognize the signs."It also features doctors and fantastic animations that explain stroke in a simple and understandable way.

The film is an hour long and available on Amazon Prime Video. You can learn more at http://ATeachableMoment.Film.

Mark had his severe hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes in May of 2015 caused by AFib (or Atrial Fibrillation) and went on to make an amazing recovery.

Four years to the day, in May of 2019, he suffered another stroke (or series of strokes). Sadly, this time he didn't make it.

My heart goes out to the French family, the team at LAI Video (here's their tribute to Mark), and all the folks who made A Teachable Moment possible.


I don't know all the details; from outward appearances, Mark was doing everything right. Sometimes, that's not enough. Even among folks here are doing everything right, there are still strokes. Roughly 20% of strokes have no known cause. Roughly 20% are also fatal.

Stroke is not a vaccine; getting one doesn't guarantee you won't have another.

For those of us who survive, and those around the survivor, stroke e a powerful wake up call. Our time on this Earth is limited. And we don't know when our time is up.

What are you going to do with your remaining days?

This episode is largely a clip show. I went back to my conversation with Mark from last summer and pulled out some key things he said that I feel get to the heart of his story, his message, and his legacy of driving Stroke awareness.

A Teachable Moment Trailer



Stroke symptom graphic


Hack of the week

With use of only one hand, getting ice cubes out of an ice cube tray can be difficult.

My new strategy is to grab the end of the tray with my usable hand and smack the bottom on the counter. It may take 2 or 3 tries, but this usually pops the ice cubes free. Then I can lift them out with my fingers.


LAI Remembers Mark French


A Teachable Moment


What is AFib?


Stroke Smart Article on A Teachable Moment


LAI Video on Twitter


Mark French on Strokecast


Anne Dailey  on Strokecast


Request a Screening


Where do we go from here?

  • Next time you use an ice cube to chill a beverage, raise a glass to Mark French and all the others taken from us too soon by stroke.
  • Check out LAI Video's tribute to Mark here.
  • Talk to your Doctor about AFib and other risk factors.
  • Watch and share A Teachable Moment with other folks you know so more people can benefit from Mark's legacy.
  • Don't get best…get better.

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 113 — Servant Leadership with Lyle Tard

2-Minute Tip — Tempo


When things are going well or smoothly we often talk about being in a state of flow. We feel it in music; we feel it when we’re writing code; we feel it when we’re doing needlepoint; and we feel it on stage when we speak.


Part of what drives that rhythm is finding the right tempo, or pace, for ourselves and hour talk.


Tempo goes beyond just finishing on time (though that’s important, too). It’s about honing in on the natural way that you talk. If you naturally talk fast, that may be fine. I you talk fast because you’re nervous, then that’s something to worry about.


The length of your sentences, the words you choose, your phrasing, etc., all impacts your tempo.


When you find yourself giving a talk that just “feels right,” ask yourself what you were doing in that talk. Ideally you recorded it so you can go back and listen to it again a figure out what made it smooth.


You probably found your tempo. And when that happens, don’t fight it — lean into it. Embrace your tempo.


Your speech can also have its own tempo, separate from the speaker. Different content will lend itself to different pacing. Talks may rise and fall emotionally depending on where you are in it. The energy level shouldn’t be the same throughout; let it fluctuate as the content dictates.


Ultimately you want the tempo of you as a speaker to be in line with the tempo of your talk. If you can’t get there, then rethink that talk.


Post Tip Discussion: Meet Lyle Tard


Back in college on the debate team I found my performance in competition rose or fell to the level of my competitors. The value in competing against a really awesome team was that it would draw out the best in my performance.


That was my experience in today’s conversation with speaker, trainer, Podcaster, Servant Leader, and Airforce Technical Sergeant Lyle Tard. His enthusiasm and energy is contagious.



Lyle Tard headshot

Lyle Tard is the Founder and CEO of IMPACT Servant Leadership, started in 2018. He is currently entering his 19th year as a Technical Sergeant in the United States Air Force and serves his country while still on active duty at the 305 Maintenance Group at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst as the Non-Commissioned Officer in charge of Training Management.


During his Air Force career, he has been all over the world, from Europe to the Pacific Islands and everywhere in between. Among his accomplishments are honors such as Non-Commissioned Officer of the Quarter and Lance P. Sijan Leadership Award – Non-Commissioned Officer Tier. He has guided the careers of more than 10,000 Airman from civilian to military life, leading them in cutting edge training of their newly developed skills. He previously managed the Community College of the Air Force program at the United States Expeditionary Center’s school, touching the lives of more than 43,000 military and civilian members annually just before his current posting.


As a communicator, Lyle has spoken worldwide inside and out of the military community. He has motivated young adults at institutions such as Atlanta Leadership College, American University and Harvard Business School. Just as in the Air Force, Lyle takes pride in leading the next generation of world changers. From universities to businesses to churches, Lyle’s passion is to influence the world to realize that “Leaders lead best when they serve.” IMPACT Servant Leadership aims to transition our most impactful areas of society to realize that achieving power with others is more beneficial socially and economically than asserting power over others. Lyle is also the primary moderator of the Service is Power podcast, spreading the message that “The Power to Serve, Serves us All.”


Along with his wife of 14 years, Sherrell and his two children, Alycea and Ethan, Lyle has served as the Youth Pastor at Gulf Coast City Church in Ft. Walton Beach, Florida, Missions Director at National Community Church, Washington D.C. and Lead Elder of Lighthouse International Ministries in Brunssum, Netherlands.


Gain From Our Perspective


Lyle found inspiration in the slogan of Franklin Templeton Investments. Here is one of their commercials.


Episode 13 of Service is Power


Lyle talked about how his guests surprised him in Episode 13 of the Service is Power podcast. Here is that episode




I found Lyle’s description of training in the military particularly interesting. It’s a model based on simulating the experience as much as practical since in the real world lives, millions of dollars in equipment, and US foreign policy are all on the line and dependent on that training kicking in when it’s needed.


Obviously, most corporate trainers do not face the same stakes, but our work may take us closer than we think. The way our learners do their jobs can impact millions of dollars of business, the jobs of their coworkers, and the health or safety of colleagues and customers.


eLearning and stand-up lectures can be part of the training solution, but ultimately we need to get our learners as close to the actual real world work as much as possible.


Go Make a Thing


As you probably noticed in the conversation, I also like how Lyle started his podcast on Servant Leadership. He went looking for content for himself, found it didn’t exist, so he created it. It’s the origin behind my Strokecast, too.


If there’s a resource you are looking for that you can’t find, go ahead and create it. You will help others, and you’re likely to learn a lot in the process, too.




Lyle’s Website


Lyle’s Podcast


Lyle on Twitter


Lyle on LinkedIn


Lyle’s Email


Lyle’s Other Email


Service is Power Podcast Episode 13Show Notes


Service is Power Podcast Episode 13 Audio


The Speaker Lab Podcast (Grant Baldwin)


Franklin Templeton — Gain From Our Perspective



Call To Action


  • Is there something you want to learn more about or that you are passionate about? Try creating content about it for other people.
  • Explore the work Lyle is doing at http://ImpactServantLeadership.com
  • Subscribe to the Servant Leader Podcast and 2-Minute Talk Tips in your favorite podcast app for free so you never miss an episode
  • Don’t get best…get better.


2-Minute Talk Tips is the public speaking podcast that help you become a more effective speaker in as little as 2 minutes a week.

Check out this episode!


Episode 066 -- 2018 AHA Outstanding Caregiver Charlene Hayward

When Steve had a massive stroke out in the wilds of Colorado, his determination to survive got him to the point where he could get help. Charlene, his wife and now caregiver demonstrated the same work ethic and fortitude in the weeks and months following his stroke.

Stroke spouses, partners, and caregivers are amazing, and this is Charlene's story.


Charlene Hayward portraitCharlene Hayward is a native of Colorado, a mountainous region in the middle of the US.

Growing up, her family did lots of outdoor activities: camping, hiking, water skiing, and snowmobiling to name a few.
Charlene and Steve got married at her parents’ cabin in Grand Lake, Colorado, and have stayed true to their “mountain roots”. They love the mountains and will be moving there full time in just a short while.
They have two amazing daughters that are at the center of their lives. Last January Charlene and Steve became the proud grandparents of a little boy and are over the moon seeing pictures and videos of him weekly!
For the most part, Charlene enjoys the weather in Colorado and loves being outside. She likes to read, go for walks, and visit with old friends. She is a swimming and diving official in the summer, and for high school, college, and masters levels as well. It is truly her passion!


In 2018, Charlene received the Outstanding Caregiver of the year RAISE award from the American Heart Association. They describe the program like this:

The Raising Awareness in Stroke Excellence (RAISE) Awards annually recognize individuals and groups from across the country for taking stroke awareness activities to new heights. Awards are given in several categories and recognize people engaged in community-level awareness activities directly supporting the National Stroke Association’s mission.

Here's part of how they tell Charlene's story:

Charlene’s story is so unique that a local television station featured her and Steve as part of a National Stroke Awareness Month feature. Her advice? Never give up and look for the blessings in disguise. Charlene is a strong, fierce and determined wife, mother and caregiver.

You can read more here.

Stroke Life Hack

Motivational quotes can help with mindset. They can help with mindset, and they can help us break out of negative thought cycles. There are many things we can't control in our lives and recoveries. So when we have the opportunity to give ourselves an edge for a while, let's take it.

Here are the 3 quotes Charlene referenced.

From Derek Jeeter, “There may be people who have more talent than you, but there’s no excuse for anyone to work harder than you do.”

From John Lennon: “When I was 5 years old, my mother always told me that happiness was the key to life. When I went to school, they asked me what I wanted to be when I grew up. I wrote down “happy”. They told me I didn’t understand the assignment, and I told them they didn’t understand life.”

And the one that guides her whole life is simply:
“Never give up!”

What quotes do you find inspiration from?

Where do we go from here?

  • If you'd like to reach out to Charlene or congratulate her on her RAISE award from the American Heart Association, let us know in the comments below.
  • Share this episode with a caregiver you know by giving them the link http://Srrokecast.com/Charlene.
  • Subscribe to Strokecast in your favorite podcast app so you never miss an episode.
  • Don't get best, get better

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 112 — Caring, Connection, and Touch with Richard Kauffman

2-Minute Tip: Caring is key


People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care.


As with so many strategies for success in speaking, it often comes down to the audience. How well do you know them? How well do you connect with them?


Most importantly, do they trust you?


Try to connect with the audience and make them feel you care and are listening to them and their concerns. Once you have established that level of rapport, they are much more likely to believe you when you speak to them.


Post-Tip Discussion: Meet Richard Kauffman


I do have a content warning for this episode. We do talk about both suicide and addiction. It’s a big part of Richard’s history and the journey of recovery he’s on today.


Richard Kauffman is a member of an elite group. He joins Nursepreneur Catie Harris (Http://2minutetalktips.com/Catie and Http://Strokecast.com/Catie) as only the second guest to appear on both 2-Minute Talk Tips and Strokecast.


I originally spoke with Richard in August of 2018 in Episode 29 of Strokecast about his experience surviving an ocular stroke when he was wounded in combat. Over the past year his projects and initiatives have grown quite a bit. He’s doing more work to help people than ever before.


Compassion and Caring


The theme that runs through this episode is about compassion and connection. It’s about connecting with your audience, connecting with individuals, allowing folks to truly talk with you, and enhancing that connection through the power of touch.



Richard Kauffman headshot in a car wearing a cap


Richard brands himself as #TheComebackCoach, helping people comeback from life challenges many thought they might not survive.


Richard Kaufman has had a fascinating life. At various points he has been…


  • An addict
  • Homeless
  • In the Army
  • Wounded in a Humvee
  • A retail salesperson
  • A survivor of an ocular stroke
  • A Podcaster
  • A speaker
  • And #TheComebackCoach


Richard’s book is available on Amazon. Just search for A Hero’s Journey.. From Darkness to light or click here.


Babe — Styx





Call to Action


Whether you’re selling time shares, connecting with a support group, or presenting to a thousand people, compassion and connection are how you can be effective with your audience.


  • If you want to hear more from Richard, visit Strokecast.com/Richard to hear our previous conversation
  • Check out the list above to see Richard’s links, podcast, website, and find his book on Amazon.
  • Subscribe to 2-Minute Talk Tips for free in your favorite podcast app so you never miss an episode
  • Don’t get best…get better.

Check out this episode!


Episode 065 -- Meet Neuro Nerd Joe Borges

When I had my stroke I was already a big fan of the podcast medium. I already had another show at that point. 2-Minute Talk Tips was up around episode 23 in June 2017. So as I began my journey to learn all about neurology by looking for Stroke related podcasts. I found only a couple of shows at first -- The Enable Me show from Australia and The Slow Road to Better from Vienna, Virginia (who ultimately appeared on this show, too). Eventually, I found a couple more and you can see a list at Strokecast.com/otherpodcasts. The lack of shows led me to start Strokecast to be the resource I wished I had 6 months earlier.

It turns out Joe Borges was thinking something similar at roughly the same time. A couple weeks after Strokecast started, Joe and his cohost Lauren, launched Neuro Nerds, a podcast by a stroke survivor and a TBI survivor sharing their journey, the journeys of their brain buddies, and celebrations of all things nerdy -- stroke related or not. I originally found the Neuro Nerds through the Stromies, a group of stroke survivors in Nebraska who are three awesome women who appeared on this show in December at Strokecast.com/Stromies.

And in the process, I've become a fan of Joe and Lauren.


Banner for Neuro Nerds featuring Joe and LaurenJoe So Rocks.

In case you didn’t know.

He’s worn various hats from retail store owner to artist manager to business consultant, but after suffering a major hemorrhagic stroke in August 2016, he’s been on a journey of self-discovery and seeking out what truly gives him joy in life.

Some new hats he’s trying on include writer, comedian, host, guy who now goes to the gym, world traveler and he’s always trying on more. He’s on a mission to create a life worthy of the gift he was given when he survived his stroke.

For his opinions and views on life, stroke survival, mind/body transformation, nerd culture, films, pop culture and everything in between, check out his blog on a weekly basis for new stories and articles.

Whether you read it or not, Joe’s still going to have a laugh because 90% of what he says is for his own entertainment.

A note on Star Wars

One more important note before we get started here: I screwed up the name of the new Star Wars movie. It's The Rise of Skywalker, not the Last Skywalker like I said. I hang my nerd head in shame. Can I just blame stroke related neurofatigue?

Anyway, here's the trailer. Are you as excited as we are?



Hack of the Week

Headphones make a big difference.

Many stroke survivors can suffer from sensory overload due to the stroke. Their brains may not have the resources to process all the sounds in the environment. It makes sense if you think about it. A lot of what the brain does all day is ignore sensory input. All the background noise of traffic, humming refrigerators, chatty conference halls, computer fans and more is always coming into our heads. The brain has to triage it all -- what's important and what can it throw out.

And it's tiring. Especially after a stroke.

Joe recommends headphones most of the time. You don't even need to be playing music or Neuro Nerds or Strokecast episodes through them. Just wear them to block out sounds you don't need to hear so your brain doesn't waste the energy it takes to ignore those sounds

Special Thanks

And special thanks to Felice LaZae, podcast engineer, caregiver and partner to Joe, and rock star who recorded Joe's side of the conversation for me. Seriously, it was of the highest quality pieces of audio anyone has sent me. Check out FeliceLaZae.con to learn more about her work and hear samples of her music.

BE FAST Warning Signs

Print, post, share, and learn:

Stroke symptom graphic



Neuro Nerds Podcast


Joe So Rocks Website


Joe on Twitter


NeuroNerds on Twitter


Neuro Nerds on Facebook


You So Rock on Facebook


Neuro Nerds on YouTube


Neuro Nerds on Instagram


Neuro Nerds on Patreon


Warped Factors: A Neurotic's Guide to the Universe (Walter Koenig)






The Hero's Journey


The Stromies


The Stromies on Strokecast


Maggie Whittum's Film


Maggie Whittum on Strokecast


Unmasking Brain Injury


Felice LaZae on the web


Enable Me Podcast


The Slow Road to Better


The Slow Road to Better on Strokecast


Where do we go from here?

  • Explore more from Joe and the community at the various links above
  • Subscribe to NeuroNerds and Strokecast for free in your favorite podcast app.
  • Are there any other Stroke podcasts you listen to? Let us know about it in them in the comments below.
  • Don't get best…get better.

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 064 -- Decisions, Decisions With Caregiver Melia Wilkinson

On this show, we've talked to plenty of stroke survivors and stroke industry professionals, but not nearly enough caregivers. I'm thrilled to bring more of these folks, like Melia Wilkinson to your ears.

A lot of the focus in stroke recovery is about how life is different for the survivor, but it's not just about us. Our spouses, partners, and families have their lives turned upside down, too. They find themselves thrust into a role in an instant -- a role they never signed up for. Suddenly their financial and career future is also changed. Years of planning for the future are suddenly out the window.

Melia lived through those changes 5 years ago and continues to do so today. She's been sharing her story in a series of guest posts on the Strokecast website to help folks understand what happens in the care model after a stroke.

You can read all of Melia's posts over at http://Strokecast.com/Melia.

Decisions, Decisions

As I listen to Melia's story, the recurrent them is about making decisions. There are a lot of decisions caregivers make in the early days and in the months that follow. They range from the big ones like end of life care or where to go to therapy to the small ones, like what to have for dinner. And decision fatigue is a challenge.

Steve Jobs always wore his black turtleneck. Mark Zuckerberg is known for his t-shirt and hoodie uniform (among a couple other things). These big household names chose wardrobes that meant not having to make decisions about what to wear every day. Each decision we make in a day takes energy. And they wanted to save the energy because they have to make much better and more important decisions later in the day. And so do you. And so do caregivers like Melia.

That's one reason it's so important for our caregivers to get adequate rest. Rest and self-care aren't indulgences. They're essential to adequately care for survivors and make the best decisions possible.

It's just like they tell you at the start of every airplane flight while we're all busy ignoring the safety demo -- you've got to put your own mask on before helping others.


Melia and Kerry Wilkinson stand outside a houseMelia Wilkinson anchors her family of three as they move through recovery after her husband's massive stroke in 2014.  She grew up in Maryland and has a degree in economics, which she has never used.  Immediately after college, she spent a year in Japan teaching English and learning that she didn't want to be a teacher.

She and her husband met on the East Coast but eventually moved to the Pacific Northwest for his job in computer games - and for the great coffee!

She had a robust career first in nonprofit and then in retail marketing before landing in sales after their daughter was born.  The flexibility of sales served her well as a mom and even better as a caregiver.

While knowing very little about strokes, neuro recovery or even blood pressure, Melia quickly became an expert and an advocate and has strong opinions on how we can better help caregivers and fine tune and personalize therapy for stroke survivors.

She and her family are lifelong nerds enjoying Emerald City Comic Con, Doctor Who and anything to do with a super hero.  Watching her husband thrive and her daughter prosper does allow her to see the real heroes in her life and makes the hard days better.

Stroke Awareness Month

May is stroke awareness month. And while recent stories about the deaths of John Singleton and Luke Perry are on our minds, and we've gotten to read the amazing story of stroke survivor and Game of Thrones star Emelia Clarke, there is still an opportunity for many people to learn more.

So, for this month, consider sharing the BEFAST warning signs for stroke on your Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, office bulletin board, side of your car, email signature, or other communication medium. Or do something radical like talk to people in person. We want as many people as possible to recognize the signs of stroke as soon as possible because time lost is brain lost.

When someone gets to the ambulance quickly, it makes a huge difference. We saw that in Anne Dailey's story in episode 14 and we hear that again today from Melia Wilkinson.

One reason I have my disabilities today is that I woke up with symptoms so I couldn't get treatment like tpA. It makes a difference.

BEFAST refers to Balance, Eyes, Face, Arms, Speech, and time for an ambulance. Sudden loss of balance, vision issues, facial droop, arm droop, or speech challenges are all signs that a stroke is happening now. Call emergency services and get an ambulance immediately.

Stroke symptom graphic

Make sure everyone around you is aware because stroke can happen to anyone.

Hack of the Week

If you travel occasionally, keep a bag packed with travel gear. In Melia's case this includes a portable bed rail, meal tray, accessible toilet seat, and a portable CPAP machine for her husband. This way they don't have to unpack, repack, and remember things each trip.

Prestroke, when I was a frequent flyer, I had a second set of toiletries and charging cables already in a suitcase so they were already to go and I didn't have to worry about forgetting things. It really simplifies packing and travel.


Melia's articles on Strokecast


Melia on Twitter


Anne Dailey on Strokecast


Emelia Clarke's New Yorker article


John Singleton's death


Luke Perry's death


My thoughts on Luke Perry


Kate Lorig on Building Better Caregivers on Strokecast



Where do we go from here?

  • Check out all of Melia's Strokecast content at Strokecast.com/Melia.
  • Share your comments or thoughts on this conversation, or reach out to Melia, in the comments below.
  • Subscribe to Strokecast for free in your favorite podcast app so you never miss an episode
  • If you're a survivor, thank your caregivers
  • Don't get best…get better

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 111 -- Theater Meets Public Speaking with Julia Wojnar

2-Minute Tip: Identify Your Biggest Take Away


To deliver an effective presentation, first identify the biggest take away for the audience. If they remember only one thing, this is the thing it should be.


To figure that out, start by doing a brain dump on a piece of paper or whiteboard. Then go through all theses random ideas that are in someway related to your topic. What stands out? Which ideas are most important? What themes keep popping up?


As you do this, you'll likely discover the big idea for your talk. Once you have that, you can begin building everything else.


Post Tip Discussion: Meet Julia Wojnar


In the theater you have to know your part and how your role fits into the rest of the show. You have to know your lines and be rehearsed.


Speaking is similar. You have to know your purpose. Why are you speaking? What is your role in this meeting? What is the purpose of your talk in the larger event or conference? What are you meant to accomplish.


You have to be prepared and rehearsed to be effective. Unlike theater, you don't need to have your talk memorized word for word, but you do need to know your content.


That's what the prep work is all about.


Today's guest, Julia Wojnar comes from a theater background which helps her be an effective Public speaking trainer through her company, Unleash Your Presence.


In this conversation we talk about theater, working through nerves, identifying your purpose and speaking in different cultures.


Crazy 8s


One reason we get anxious before speaking is that our bodies don't really know how to deal with it. Evolutionarily, we are not optimized for standing in front of a group of other human animals and having the focus on us. Our fight or flight instinct kicks in. Adrenaline pumps. Muscles tense. Secondary biological processes may shut down. Muscles tense to spring into action and survive.


But it's all unnecessary. There is no threat to our lives. We're not about to be kicked out of the tribe. We need to rechannel that energy and deal with it.


Pradeepa Narayanaswamy recommended changing your language. Don't tell yourself you're anxious or nervous; tell yourself -- and others -- you're excited. And it's great insight because excitement and anxiety often feature similar physiological symptoms.


Julia offers another great way to deal with the anxiety -- the Crazy 8s (though it could use a less ableist name).


This is exercise comes from Julia's theater background where it can be a valuable warmup exercise for actors as they burn off their excess energy and get ready to wow the audience.


Take a look at the video below to learn more.




Billy Mays


I mentioned Billy Mays in this episode. If you're not familiar with him, Billy Mays was the quintessential TV pitchman of the 90s and 2000s. He's the reason so many people buy OxyClean, KaBoom, and other products.


Here is one of his videos:






Julia Wojnar is the Founder of Unleash Your Presence where she develops professionals’ resilience, speaking, and communication skills to tackle tough decisions and express their ideas clearly and confidently.


She has honed her own speaking skills with over fifteen years of experience on stage speaking and performing, in addition to her formal training in Communications from Ithaca College.


She has been featured on The Huffington Post, Thrive Global, Hello Fearless, Grant Cardone’s Whatever It Takes Network, Savvy Central Radio (a syndicate of iHeartRadio), and The Wealth Standard Podcast, among others.


Nowadays, she speaks and delivers live and virtual trainings to help her clients bridge the gap between their brilliant idea and their ability to communicate it powerfully.




Julia is making her Corporate Communications Check list available to listeners of 2-Minute Talk Tips. You can get that at by clicking here: http://2MinuteTalkTips.com/UYPTopTips


Julia also has a special deal for corporate managers right now.


If You're A Corporate Manager whose ready to "Set the Stage" to Lead Your Team with Clarity and Conviction…" then Julia has an online course which may be just what you need. And, she'll make Module 1 of this 8-Module series available - For FREE to the first 5 companies that qualify.


For more information and to see if you qualify, send us an email over at www.unleashyourpresence.com




Call To Action:


Check out this episode!


Episode 063 -- Stroke Survivor Designs Off Road Wheelchair

The wild requires that we learn the terrain, nod to all the plants and animals and birds, ford the streams and cross the ridges, and tell a good story when we get back home. 

-- Gary Snyder



A few weeks ago, we heard from Carol-Ann Nelson from Destination Rehab about the PT work she does in Bend, OR, helping folks with disabilities from around the world spend a week doing rehab and enjoying all the beauty that Central Oregon in the northwest United States has to offer. You can check out http://strokecast.com/destinationrehab to learn more about a Rehab Vacation or listen to that episode.

After we finished, Carol-Ann told me about Geoff Babb, a fellow Bend, OR, resident who had his own project.

Geoff Babb is a 2-time stroke survivor who loves the outdoors. After he got back to Bend following his work on Hurricane Katrina relief efforts, he had a brainstem stroke. After that first stroke, he discovered standard wheel chairs are not compatible with hiking trails. They're barely compatible with city sidewalks. So he decided to invent his own and thus, the AdvenChair project was born.


Geoff Babb sitting in the AdvenChair 2.0 along side a stream in Central Oregon



Timing is one of the amazing things about the story.

Geoff had been helping out in the New Orleans area in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. It was right after he got back to his home in Oregon that he had his stroke. Had it happened while he was still in New Orleans, his recovery would likely have been much more challenging, considering how strained the infrastructure was at the time.

This actually raises another interesting point for discussion in the future. As folks survive uninjured from natural disasters like Katrina or Maria, they are still susceptible to the same medical challenges folks in the rest of the country face -- stroke, heart attack, car crashes, etc.

How does the limited or over-stretched post-disaster infrastructure impact their recovery? And if someone dies from a stroke due to limited availability of care a week or month after a disaster do they get counted among the disaster's victims? This opens up all sorts of questions of equality, social justice, and simple fairness.

The first AdvenChair failed early in a hike instead of later. The timing was also fortuitous, avoiding an expensive, time consuming, and risky rescue.

And finally, Geoff's second stroke was 12 years to the day of his first one. It's amazing how those timing things all come together.

Developing the AdvenChair

Geoff has a lot more details on the process of designing this chair on his website, and I'd encourage you to check it out (and contribute if you can).

There are a few things in particular that come up in the conversation.

Geoff and his team ultimately had to start from scratch with the concept, rather than modifying an existing chair.

I know very little about the history of wheel chairs, but it seems to me, they were first built as a chair that could then move, rather than as a method of transportation that could then allow a person with disabilities to be seated.

Looking back at the historical wheelchairs we see on TV and period movies, they're almost dollies for moving a person, almost as though the person is a type of cargo. It seems they evolved from there.

That sort of approach impacts your goals when you design something and also offers some insight into how designers viewed people with disabilities and the people who assist them at the time.

I should reiterate that this is my analysis, not Geoff's.

Geoff and his team started pulling together ideas that aren't based in the dining room chair metaphor.

They looked first at vehicles already optimized for off road use -- skis for wheelchair users and mountain bikes for ableds. Then they grew the plan from there.

Instead of focusing on pushing the chair, the looked at Pulk Sleds used by arctic explorers and other folks to develop a method for pulling it.

And they made sure it could be self-propelled and work in environments already friendly to traditional wheelchairs.


Geoff Babb HeadshotGeoff Babb’s first of two strokes abruptly pushed him into the world of disability. Today Geoff is the AdvenChairman of the Onward Project, which seeks to inspire, encourage, and enable people of all abilities to have active outdoor adventures.

Geoff is active in the disabled and adaptive community in Central Oregon. He is currently on the board of Oregon Adaptive Sports and the Advisory Council of Stroke Awareness Oregon. Previously, he served on the board of Healing Reigns Therapeutic Riding Center and the City of Bend Accessibility Advisory Committee. Through these experiences, Geoff has an in-depth understanding of the outdoor adventure opportunities available for people with mobility challenges, be it by horse, ski, or wheels. There are many possible ways for stroke survivors to be outdoors.

Before his first stroke, he was an active outdoor enthusiast who enjoyed mountain biking, skiing, and hiking with his wife and twin sons, and he enjoyed a long career in wildland fire management.

Geoff’s life has been an odyssey and three significant life events have emerged as important opportunities:

  1. Surviving his first brain-stem stroke in 2005. This changed his relationship to the world in general and the natural world in particular. No longer was he able to work, hike, bike, ski, and enjoy the outdoors as he had before. So, with help from friends and family, he developed a modified wheelchair that allowed him to go places where he could still have a meaningful connection with nature.
  2. In 2016, he and his team attempted to go to the bottom of the Grand Canyon when his wheelchair broke an axle. While they didn’t achieve their goal, this experience inspired an opportunity to design a better chair, one more durable for off-road travel.
  3. Twelve years to the day from the first stroke, in 2017 Geoff survived a second brain-stem stroke. This one helped him focus his energy to complete what is now the AdvenChair.

Because of these opportunities, Geoff’s dream is to help people experience the outdoors and wild places using the AdvenChair, rolling boldly where no chair has gone before.

Hack of the Week

Geoff recommends a cellphone that works with a stylus. Phones optimized for this technology have options that go beyond just using a generic stylus. They include special software and native support for digital ink.

The Samsung Galaxy Note product line is one fantastic option. I use an LG Stylo 4, which is less expensive but slower and older.

The advantage of a stylus is that you can get more precise control when writing emails and messages. You can also send messages in handwriting or draw pictures and do lots of cool things. If you have the strength to hold the phone with one hand while tapping with another this is great.

Now as I think about it, if I was left handed, I might use my stylus more. My current phone challenge is that I have to use it entirely in my right hand, and I have trouble reaching the left side of the screen with my thumb, resulting in more typos. My left hand isn't strong enough to hold my phone yet, but it might be strong enough to hold a stylus.

So I guess one of my next projects ought to be figuring out if I can teach myself to write or tap on a phone screen with my affected hand. It's my non-dominant hand so this would have been tough before the stroke, but now I get to deal with proprioception challenges, tone, spasticity, and weakness.

Sounds like a good therapy goal to me.

Thanks for the idea, Geoff!



AdvenChair Website


AdvenChair on Facebook


AdvenChair on Twitter


Oregon Adaptive Sports


Destination Rehab


Carol-Ann Nelson on Strokecast


Pulk Sled on Wikipedia



Where do we go from here?

  • Check out Geoff's story in more detail and learn more about Advenchair 2.0 at the links above.
  • Subscribe to Strokecast for free in your favorite podcast app so you never miss an episode.
  • Don't get best…get better.


Strokecast is the stroke podcast where a Gen X stroke survivor explores rehab, recovery, the frontiers of neuroscience and one-handed banana peeling by helping stroke survivors, caregivers, medical providers and stroke industry affiliates connect and share their stories.

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 110 -- Starting in the Deep End

2-Minute Tip: Build a Team


Sometimes to get better, you may need help, and that's okay.

  • Hire a coach.
  • Join Toastmasters.
  • Ask a friend or colleague. Take an online course.
  • Take a traditional course.
  • Read a book.
  • Subscribe to a podcast about public speaking


Or do all of the above. Or some combination of them.


The point is you can build expertise, or at the very least, competence in a skill by assembling your own team of experts. They can be in person or virtual. It can be a dialog or a 1-way process.


But you don't have to do it all alone. There's a community there you can build or be a part of.


Post Tip Discussion: Meet Sandy Weiner


I think the best way to sum up Sandy Weiner's approach to speaking (and probably a lot of other things) is "Just jump in and do it -- but don't do it alone."


Sandy's first major talk was her TedX talk, which you can see here:





While she may go straight for the deep end, she's successful because she prepares -- she works with coaches when she has a weakness and does the work she needs to do to be successful.


I talk a lot about how 90% of the success of a talk is determined before you ever get on stage -- it's in the  message, in the prep, and in the rehearsal. And that's how Sandy has succeeded as a speaker.




Sandy Weiner HeadshotSandy Weiner, founder of Last First Date, is devoted to helping women over 40 achieve healthy, toe-curling love. An internationally known TEDx speaker, dating coach, author, and podcast host, Sandy specializes in helping women communicate effectively, set clear boundaries in relationships, and know their true worth. She believes a woman of value attracts her best partner.  


Sandy’s work has been published in Mind Body Green, The Huffington Post, Psychology Today, and The Good Men Project.


She's also the host of Last First Date Radio, an acclaimed show about attracting and sustaining healthy relationships in midlife. Sandy wants you to go on YOUR LAST FIRST DATE!


Superman Pose


Sandy mentioned the Superman pose in our conversation, and we talked a little about Amy Cuddy's Ted Talk about power poses.  Here's the video of that talk.







Call to Action


  • Be sure to check Sandy's websites, podcast, and social media profiles. You can find all those links above.
  • Subscribe for free to 2-Minute Talk Tips in your favorite podcast app so you never miss an episode, and then subscribe to Last First Date Radio in the same place.
  • Don't get best…get better.

Check out this episode!


Episode 062 -- Disabled Travel Observations

I've been very tired in April this year, and I think it's because I was very busy in March. In March, I took two major trips that I'm going to talk about today -- the JoCo Cruise, which I mention a few weeks back in my interview with Robin Wilson Beattie, and a trip to Pune India, which I talked about in Facebook live

The JoCo Cruise was awesome as expected. I do sometimes worry that since I have high expectations that it meets, that I'm not walking away with the over the top feelings of awesomeness that some people do. Or maybe my affect is just a little flatter these days due to the combination of my stroke and meds.

This year, there appeared to be more folks on the boat with visible disabilities than in years past. And we had more folks with both visible and invisible disabilities at the meetup for folks with disabilities. In general, it’s a really positive environment filled with helpful, caring people. If you like board games, nerdy things, or generally nerdy people, come join us next year. You can visit Jococruise.com for more details.

I did manage to fall during the cruise while visiting Tortola. A post I chose to lean against objected to being leaned upon and moved out of the way. I fell, suffered only minor bumps and bruises and discovered an important lesson for folks who want to help those with disabilities.

If a disabled person looks like they might need help, it's okay to offer assistance. Then listen to them. If they decline your help, BELIEVE THEM. They know better than you what will help and what will not help.

My trip to India was also an amazing experience. I was there on business so I guess I am now technically and International Business Consultant. I know, big impressive sounding words, huh?

Everyone was super helpful to me. Folks rushed ahead to open doors for me. I dropped my cane in the hotel lobby, and someone literally ran over to pick it up. At the buffet, I had table service most days. The breakfast egg chef apologized profusely for breaking the yolk on my sunny side up egg and wanted to throw it out and start again. I had to convince him it was fine.

So my experience was great.

But I did not see anyone else that week in India with a visible disability outside of the airport.

I shouldn't be too shocked because what little I saw of the streets did not appear to be wheelchair friendly. Building had all sorts of little steps. Elevators were tiny.

Folks also didn't seem comfortable with the topic and would change the subject if we got close to it.

I'm not sure what that says about the broader culture or life for those with disabilities in the area. But again, I saw only a small fraction of the city.

Hack of the Week

Gianna Rojas had more hacks to share from her one-handed life.

You can get magnetic clips for necklaces. They can attach to existing clasps or replace them. They make it possible to put on a necklace without using the regular clasp.

You can ask your jewelry store to put them on if you can't do it your self.

You can hear more from Gianna here.


Where do we go from here?

  • What has your experience of travelling with disabilities been like? Let us know in the comments below.
  • Share this episode with a friend colleague or relative by giving them the link http://strokecast.com/travel.
  • Subscribe to Strokecast for free in your favorite podcast app.
  • Don't get best...get better.


Strokecast is the stroke podcast where a Gen X stroke survivor explores rehab, recovery, the frontiers of neuroscience and one-handed banana peeling by helping stroke survivors, caregivers, medical providers and stroke industry affiliates connect and share their stories.

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast


Episode 109 -- Failing to Success with Amy Lyle

2-Minute Tip: Challenge the Audience to Discover Truth


Immediately challenge the audience to discover a truth about themselves that proves the premise of your talk. If the group knows that you have an appreciation or understanding of their personal (or business) situation, they will engage. As a bonus, make them laugh within the first 30 seconds.


Post Tip Discussion: Meet Amy Lyle


I always enjoy to talking to folks who follow a path similar to mine -- sales, training, speaking. The way our careers end up different despite a similar progression is fascinating and demonstrates the possibilities available to all of us. There is not one path to your destination and not one destination for a path.


Amy Lyle is one of those guests who followed a path similar to mine and has built the latest iteration of her career out of failure. Or rather, talking about failure -- her own and giving people an opportunity to share theirs. And she's funny! And compelling.


I really enjoyed hearing about the training sessions she ran for recruiters. The programs may have been tough for new folks, but helping them find out early the role is not for them is valuable.


We also have a great conversation about sales and storytelling. Amy even references Iszi Lawrence's appearance from last year.


When it seems like the interview is over, keep listening because we kept talking. And enjoy talking about sweet, sweet failure. And an alpaca.




Amy Lyle with Mannequin legsMost people avoid talking about their most cringe-worthy moments but not our next guest, Amy Lyle.  She has turned her own disasters into The Book of Failures and her newest release, We're All A Mess, It's OK is a collection of funny essays and one-liners about the struggles of everyday life.


Amy believes that the filtered world is making us all feel less than and tearing us apart- but being authentic and sharing your faux pas with others brings people together.
She’s a frequent guest on WXIA’s  Atlanta and Company's, author, actor and public speaker.







Amy's Website


We're All a Mess, and It's Okay


The Amy Binegar-Kimmes-Lyle Book of Failures


Amy on Twitter


Amy on Instagram


Amy on Facebook


Iszi Lawrence on 2-Minute Talk Tips


Random ramblings with Rob on Twitter



Call To action


  • Have you read either of Amy's books? Let us know over in the comments below
  • Visit Amy's site to sign up for her newsletter she rarely sends out or follow her on social media to see the alpaca. All those links are available above
  • Share this episode with a friend, colleague, or relative by giving them the link http://2minutetalktips.com/AmyLyle
  • Don't get best…get better

Check out this episode!


Episode 061 -- Video Games and OT

A few weeks ago, I stopped by a Microsoft store to talk with the folks about the Xbox Adaptive Controller. It's an accessory that makes it possible for folks with disabilities to play the same video games as everyone else. Most people first encountered it during the Superbowl ad Microsoft ran.


I shared some thoughts about it in a Facebook live video, and Occupational Therapist and US Army Veteran Erik Johnson reached out to me about some of the work he's been doing with this device.



In this episode, Erik Johnson joins us to talk about the adaptive controller, the OT field, his story, and how gaming is changing the future of OT.


Erik Johnson Headshot outdoorsErik Johnson enlisted in the Army in 1996.  As a young Private, while stationed in Germany, he was involved in a car accident where he sustained second and third degree burns to over 20% of his body, most of which were on his arms and hands.  He decided to become an Occupational Therapist because of the influence from the OT that treated his burns.

After his time in the Army, Major Johnson has taken on several projects that directly impact veterans with a focus on successful re-entry to civilian life after discharge from the military.  He is currently volunteers as the Chief Medical Officer for Operation Supply Drop, an organization that serves Veterans by building strong communities through gaming and team building.  His work on the therapeutic benefits of video games have been widely recognized in both the Medical and Video Game communities.  Erik also is one of the founders for IDEGO, a company that is developing treatment opportunities while using Virtual Reality with a focus on behavioral health disorders.  The company uses Deferred Individualized Gradated Immersion Therapy (D.I.G.I.T) to achieve success.  Most recently, Erik teamed up with another non-profit organization where he has been recently named their Chief Medical Officer.  Working with Warfighter Engaged, their mission is to improve the lives of severely injured and disabled warfighters with custom adapted video game controllers, recreational items and other solutions to provide greater independence.

For more details, visit:  http://www.erikunleashed.com/https/drivegooglecom/openid11p8q1q-6qtxw53txknfutqsl7fm9pzo

Mirror Therapy

We talked a little about Mirror Therapy in the episode. Here is something I wrote about it a few weeks after leaving the hospital in 2017. I really need to get back to it again.

Bill using mirror therapy on his arm

This is my mirror box. It was $60 on Amazon which is way over priced. There can't be more than $5 in materials in it. It would be easy to make. Of course if I could make it I wouldn't need it.

The issues I have using my arm and leg are literally all in my head. That's where the damage exists. The brain can be pretty dumb at times and easy to trick. That's how the mirror box works.

I put my left hand in the box behind the mirror and put my right hand in front of the mirror. Then I look at the mirror and my brain thinks the reflection of my right arm is actually my left. When I move my fingers or wrist on the right, while I try to move them on the left, the brain thinks I'm actually moving them on the left. And then I get some actual, new movement.

The brain learns to move my left hand because it thinks it's already moving my left hand. Classic fake it till you make it stuff.

While the price is annoying, if I get my fingers back faster, I can't really complain.

A Teachable Moment

Last year I interviewed Anne Dailey and Mark French about their stroke documentary, A Teachable Moment.

The big news is that A Teachable Moment is now available for streaming in your own home via AMAZON Prime. If you are a Prime customer, check it out and share with your friends and family.

Congratulations to Anne, Mark, and the entire A Teachable Moment family for this big step.



Hack of the Week

When you arrange things in your kitchen, or remodel you kitchen, make sure everything is at an appropriate height for you. That will depend on how tall you are, how stable you are while standing, whether or not you are in a wheel chair, etc.

Make sure controls are on the front of the stove to minimize reaching. And don't forget the cabinets. Remember, reaching down can sometimes be as difficult as reaching up. So make sure any new design reflects your actual capabilities.



Where do we go from here?

  • What's your experience with video games been like post-stroke or other disability? Let us know in the comments below.
  • Check out ErikUnleashed.com or Erik's non-profits from the links above.
  • Share this episode with an OT or gamer in your life by giving them the link http://strokecast.com/Erik
  • Check out A Teachable Moment on Amazon Prime
  • Don't get best… get better

Here is the latest episode of The Strokecast